In Loreto, Italy a chapel without fundament has been known for being a place of pilgrimage since 1194. According to the provost Pietro di Giorgio Tolomei called Il Teramano (†1473) the chapel had been the home of Mary and the site of her Annunciation.

The legend says that the House had been transformed in a little church by the Apostles and that the Evangelist Luke had painted a portrait on wood of the Virgin Mary and the child (which was destroyed in a fire in 1921). After the fall of Acre to the Turks and the subsequent threat to Nazareth angels are said to have transported the Holy House to Dalmatia in the night from May 9th to May 10th 1291. In the night of December 10th 1294 it had been carried on to Recanati, from where 8 months later – once again by invisible hands - it had finally been transferred to Loreto. Two months later the Holy House had been placed on the property of the widow Lauretta, where it still stands today.

The historical core of the legend seems to be the transfer of the Miraculous Image of Mary from Tersatto to Loreto. This site has very quickly become one of the most famous places of pilgrimage. In 1468 began the construction of a three-nave basilica around the Holy House which was completed in 1587 under Pope Pius V.


This place of pilgrimage has been imitated several times giving birth to numerous Loreto Chapels that sometimes copy the original with all its irregularities and particularities. The main appeal of the reproductions of the Holy House, which were very popular in the baroque area, is the true and picturesque copy of the situation on the inside.

The Chapel in Biberegg is one of the most beautiful replicas of the Loreto Chapel and  has been serving as a place of devotion and pilgrimage to this day.

The Loreto Legend